Mali is a sub-Saharan African country with approximately 14.5 million inhabitants. In 2013 its GDP was estimated at 11 billion US, with an annual growth rate of 2.1%. In that year their debt reached 31% of their GDP. The unemployment rate amounted to 11% in 2014 and in 2010 nearly half their population fell below the national poverty line.
The tax-to-GDP ratio was around 15% in recent years. Tax justice in Mali is undermined by a high level of tax exemptions to multinationals, a poor functioning of the tax system based on self-assessment, a low taxation of the informal sector, and a widespread perception of lack of accountability.
The main source of revenue is VAT by far. The tax system is characterized by fraud and evasion and only 20% of the companies properly pay all their taxes.
Export oriented activities are exempted from all taxes, duties and taxations of a fiscal and customs nature, for a 30 years period. And following IMF recommendations, the government reduced the royalty rate applied to gold mining companies from 7 to 3 percent in order to encourage investment in this sector.
An increased and steady stream of tax revenues is now more vital than ever, after the recent economic and political crisis following the Toeareg uprising.

CRAFT Country Strategy

As a result of research by CRAFT and subsequent campaigns conducted by PCQVP Mali, tax administration services have committed to involve taxpayers in the tax practices by installing a genuine dialogue between local elected officials and taxpayers, improving taxpayers’ access to financial information and considering their concerns. Meanwhile, through powerful awareness and information campaigns, local population committed to pay their taxes.
Advocacy work has focused on State technical services, members of parliament, academics, economic operators, media, actors of the civil society, and government officials. An alliance has been created between the Budget Monitoring Group (GSB) and the Coalition of Alternative Debts and Development (CAD-Mali) regrouping 129 Malian CSOs.

Strategy 2015-2018

In the coming years, strengthening the role of civil society to take part in the development, implementation and evaluation of tax policies and practices will be key to the work in Mali. We envision a strong involvement of women and youth in tax processes and we will make sure they are increasingly targeted in our training activities. Future studies and more training will be necessary and PCQVP will undertake civic education activities.
The future implementation of an advocacy strategy will contribute to:
- Detecting strengths and weaknesses of the tax policy and propose further improvements;
- Informing citizen of their taxing responsibilities and rights together with monitoring their tax payments;
- Creating representative space to reinforce civil society participation in the establishment of tax policies;
- Demanding accountability of tax administration and local communities.
Finally, PCQVP will strive to further create cooperation with other CSOs which are more influential and experienced at the national level. They also should become a member of the International PCQVP coalition.